Vlad III “The Impaler” of Wallachia
Vlad III inherited his famous epithet, Dracula, from his father. Vlad II Dracul was a member of the Order of the Dragon, a chivalric order developed to protect Christian nations from the pressing Ottoman Empire. The drac– in Dracul originates from the Latin draco, which means dragon. Despite, Vlad III’s cruelty, parts of Bulgaria remember him and his father as protectors of the Christian faith in Europe. However, most who know of him remember him as a murderous tyrant.
It seems that Vlad II’s oath to the Order of the Dragon was half-hearted since he sent Vlad III and his brother Radu as hostages to the Ottoman court. Vlad III grew a strong hatred for and mistrust of his father, his brother (who converted to Islam), the Hungarians, and the Ottoman Turks whom he was forced to live with. Vlad III was put on the throne of Wallachia by the Turks in the 1440’s after a Hungarian regent murdered Vlad’s father and elder brother. The Hungarians invaded Wallachia and Vlad was forced to flee. Vlad led an army back into Wallachia in 1456, retaking his throne after killing his opposer in hand-to-hand combat. Wallachia was in ruins upon his return, and, in order to turn the country’s economics around, Vlad ruled with an iron fist and many long sharpened steaks.
Throughout his reign, it is estimated that Vlad slaughtered between 40,000 and 100,000 people. In 1462, Vlad surrounded his capitol city with 20,000 impaled men, women, and children. When Ottoman Turks approached the city for battle, they were horrified upon entering the nightmarish Forest of the Impaled. Shocked and fear-stricken, the Turkish soldiers quickly fled for their lives.
Vlad considered impalement an art form. He arranged the impaled to form unique patters and would alternate his method of impalement so that some victims were impaled upright, others upside down, and some through the side. In order to make the deaths slower and more excruciating, Vlad insisted that the stakes be smoothed and lubricated to keep from damaging internal organs. Nobles were often invited to dine with the king in the Forest of the Impaled just before being impaled themselves. While impalement was Vlad’s punishment of choice, he also resorted to other gruesome methods of torture, such as boiling, mutilating, skinning, as well as, cooking his victims while still alive. Perhaps most appalling of all, he was known to force mothers to eat their own roasted children.
The Turks finally mounted a successful invasion and Vlad fled to Hungary where he was framed by a former ally and placed under house arrest for ten years. While in captivity, Vlad captured and impaled the rodents and birds, arranging them in unique patters like he did with his human victims. He was eventually released and reinstated as king of Wallachia where he ruled for another eight years. He was assassinated in 1476, decapitated, and buried in an unknown grave.
- Article written by Andrea Cefalo, author of The Fairytale Keeper: a novel of corruption, devotion, and the origins of Grimm’s fairytales
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